When you begin researching in Federal Censuses you will want to try and locate all your
ancestors in each and every census. These
census years start from 1790 and got through
1930. Note: the 1890 census was destroyed.
So it is not available to you. And it will
be frustrating that this census is not available.
However, some states do have a Civil War
pension index for 1890. So you will want
to search this index for your ancestor or his spouse. Note:For the missing 1890 census some researchers
have found that using city directories and WWI draft registration
to be an excellent substitute.In addition,
to some state censuses.Note: Not all states have state censuses
and the ones that do don't always have them
for every County or Parish.
You will want to start with the latest census
and work back words. Example: If your ancestor's was born in
1879 and died in 1942 then he/she should
be located in the 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920,
and 1930. Remember to look for females with
their maiden names. Note: Many African Americans
changed their surnames.As well as their first
names. So pay close attention to the surnames
you know. In addition to the other names
your relatives may have told you a family
member went by. Including nick names. Look
for all the names you know the ancestor may
have used. Keep an open mind, spellings of
The names can be different than the family
typically spelled it.
Information you will have from census research:
- Louisiana Territory census loss 1810. Note that in 1812 Louisiana Territory was
renamed Missouri Territory.Orleans Territory
became the state of Louisiana in 1812.
- 1820 Federal Census:
- 1830 Federal Census: Head of house hold; number of Free white
individuals in each age category male and
female. Number of slaves, and number of free
colored persons. Individuals who were deaf,
dumb or blind and whether or not a foreigner.
- 1840 Federal Census: Head of house hold; number of individuals
in each age category; Free colored individuals;
and slaves. This census is also the first
to include military service. Note: in the
1840 census names and ages were given for
Revolutionary pensioners and their widow.
This census also includes an area for death,
dumb, blind and idiotic. And slaves may also
be listed in this area.
- 1850 Federal Census. First census to include all names, ages,
and state of births for individuals with
in a particular house hold and will list
profession, occupation or trade of males
over the age of 15. Value of Real Estate.
In addition, this census has a place for
marriages taking place during the census
year. Helping to identify a married couple.
Note: this census did not state relationships.
So don't assume that all members in a house
hold were spouses or children of the head
of of household. This census did not include
slaves (see slave schedules)
- 1850 and 1860 Slave Schedules: Typically the only name on a slave schedule
is that of a slave owner. Slaves can be listed
by age instead of in a family. age, sex and
color (black or mulatto) If a slave is over the age of 100 his or her name maybe listed.
In addition, slaves will sometimes have their
trade listed. Such as blacksmith, carpenter, etc. Note: sometimes
slave schedules will put individuals in the
order of ages and go in either 5 or 10 year
spans. Such as a female who is 8 may be listed
as a Female 10.
- 1860 Federal Census: Name of all individuals in a house hold,
Their age, sex, profession, occupation or
trade, Value of Real Estate, Value of personal
estate, place of birth, married with in the
year, attending school, person over 20 who
cannot read or write, whether death, dumb,
blind or idiotic. Note: If an individuals
is listed with a handicap the enumerator
may have included additional information
about the handicap.
- 1870 Federal Census: First census to list all individuals including
recently enslaved families by name, ages,
birth places, value of Real Estate, value
of Personal Property. This census also list
whether parents are of foreign birth
- 1880 Federal Census: First census to state relationship to head
of household. In addition to age, place of
birth and parents place of birth. Race for
Indians was included for the first time in
this census. Note: not all native Americans
are listed as Indian in this census. In fact
many Native Americans may be identified as
black or mulatto.
- 1890 Federal Census: Destroyed census "read article"
- 1890 Federal Pension Census: This census list individuals who received
a pension from the federal government including
- 1900 Federal Census: This census list how many children a mother
has had and how many are still living, It
also list the month and year of birth for
the individual, whether they owned or rented
their, what kind of work they were doing,
many times who they worked for. If an individual
could read or write and speak English. This
census also states whether and individual
was Naturalized "na", an alien
"al", or in the process of "pa"
as well as the year they came to America.
- 1910 Federal Census "coming soon"
- 1920 Federal Census "coming soon"
- 1930 Federal Census "coming soon"